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Ruthenium Ionization Energy






The Ruthenium Ionization Energy is the energy required to remove from atom one mole of electrons with subsequent production of positively charged ion of Ruthenium.
Ru -> Ru+ + e-
This process can be repeated many times, but the energy cost is increased dramatically. The general equation for the Ruthenium is:
RuN+ -> Ru(N+1)+ + e-


Ionization Energy

Ru -> Ru1+ = 711 kJ/mol = 170.10 Kcal/mol
Ru1+ -> Ru2+ = 1617 kJ/mol = 386.84 Kcal/mol
Ru2+ -> Ru3+ = 2747 kJ/mol = 657.18 Kcal/mol
Ru3+ -> Ru4+ = 4500 kJ/mol = 1076.56 Kcal/mol
Ru4+ -> Ru5+ = 6100 kJ/mol = 1459.33 Kcal/mol
Ru5+ -> Ru6+ = 7800 kJ/mol = 1866.03 Kcal/mol
Ru6+ -> Ru7+ = 9600 kJ/mol = 2296.65 Kcal/mol
Ru7+ -> Ru8+ = 11500 kJ/mol = 2751.20 Kcal/mol
Ru8+ -> Ru9+ = 18700 kJ/mol = 4473.68 Kcal/mol
Ru9+ -> Ru10+ = 20900 kJ/mol = 5000.00 Kcal/mol
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